Ocean Freight Container Types:
End loading, Fully Enclosed
The basic intermodal container with end doors, suitable for
general cargo not requiring environmental control while
Side Loading, Fully Enclosed
Equipped with side doors for use in stowing and discharge of
cargo where it is not practical to use end doors,
as when the container must remain on a rail car while cargo
is placed in or removed from the container.
Used for carriage of heavy, bulky or awkward items where
loading or discharge of the cargo through end or side
doors is not practical. Most open top containers are
equipped with fabric covers and are often termed "soft" or
containers. Some open top versions are fitted with removable
hatch type panel covers or detachable full metal roof.
Equipped with ventilating ports on ends or sides, and used
for heat generating cargo or cargo requiring protection from
condensation (sweat) damage. Versions with powered
air-circulating fans are available. Vents are normally
baffles to prevent entry of sea or rain water.
For cargo that should not be exposed to rapid or sudden
temperature changes. Available in ventilated or
versions. Some carriers provide container with heating
systems for special applications.
Insulated and equipped with a built-in refrigeration system,
powered by direct electrical connection or by diesel or
gasoline generator. It is used primarily for foods or other
commodities requiring a temperature controlled environment.
Tank-type containers for carriage of liquids. Some have been
designed to high level specifications for carriage of
Designed for carriage of bulk cargo such as dry chemicals
Available in a variety of sizes and models, the flat racks
are used for lumber, mill products, large, heavy bulky
machinery and vehicles. Some are equipped with removable
Used for carriage of vehicles and available in enclosed or
Configured for the nature of livestock carrier; containers
are available for transporting poultry, cattle and other
Experimental open-top container developed by
MARAD and the U.S. Navy. This cargo handling system is
adapt containers-ships to the carriage of heavy, outsized
equipment (notably military). The "work-through" floor
construction (floor section opened by a self-contained
winch) can reduce unloading time and pier side storage space
since they need not be removed at destination.
High - Cube
These containers are used for high volume/low weight cargo
and can greatly increase the cubic area available for cargo
stowage. High cube containers are in heights to 9.5 feet and
to lengths of a maximum of 48 feet.
With special tie downs and internal ceiling fittings, this
container can handle hanging garments.